When a person has a sensory processing disorder, their brain has problems processing information from their senses and acting on it. It was formerly known as sensory integration disorder; however, it is not generally accepted as a separate medical diagnosis. Some sufferers of sensory processing disorders have excessive sensitivity to environmental stimuli. Common sounds might be upsetting or uncomfortable. A shirt’s soft touch could irritate someone’s skin.
Individuals with sensory processing issues may also:
- Lack coordination
- Slam into objects
- Be unable to determine the location of their limbs in space
- Be reluctant to converse or play.
The majority of the time, youngsters are affected by sensory processing issues. Adults may also be impacted, though. Autism spectrum disorder and other developmental diseases like it frequently exhibit sensory processing issues. Take assistance from Dr.R.K.Suri, the best clinical psychologist in Dwarka, South-West Delhi, who may assist you in managing your sensory processing difficulties.
SYMPTOMS OF SENSORY PROCESSING DISORDER
One sense, such as hearing, touch, or taste, may be affected by a sensory processing disorder. Or it might impact several senses. Additionally, people’s reactions to the things they struggle with can vary. The signs of sensory processing impairment are spread out, like those of many diseases. For instance, some kids may throw up or hide beneath the table when they hear a leaf blower outside the window. When touched, they could scream. They could turn away from the textures of some foods. Others, though, appear unconcerned about their surroundings. They might not react to pain, severe cold, or even excessive heat.
Many children who suffer from sensory processing disorder are first fussy infants who develop anxiety as they age. These kids frequently struggle to adapt to change. They could have frequent meltdowns or outbursts. These kinds of symptoms occur frequently in children. However, therapists take into account a diagnosis of sensory processing disorder when the symptoms become severe enough to impair daily functioning.
CAUSES OF SENSORY PROCESSING DISORDER
Problems with sensory processing have not yet been linked to a specific cause. However, a 2006 study of twins discovered that light and sound sensitivity may have a significant hereditary component.
Other studies have revealed that when exposed to light and sound concurrently, children with sensory processing issues exhibit aberrant brain activity.
Other studies have revealed that whereas other kids rapidly get habituated to the sensations, children with sensory processing issues will continue to react strongly to a stroke on the hand or a loud sound.
TREATMENT OF SENSORY PROCESSING DISORDER
It can be challenging for many families to receive assistance when their child is ill. This is due to the fact that sensory processing disorder is not yet a recognized medical diagnosis.
Occupational therapists frequently see and treat children and adults with sensory processing issues, despite the fact that there are no universally accepted diagnostic criteria for these conditions. Treatment is based on each child’s specific requirements. However, in general, it entails assisting kids in improving in areas where they are often weak and assisting them in acclimating to things, they find intolerable.
Sensory integration is a form of therapy for issues with sensory processing. In order to challenge a child in a positive, playful way and help them learn how to behave appropriately and more naturally, we use sensory integration.
The “floor-time” approach is a significant component of this therapy. Multiple play sessions with the child and parent are part of the strategy. About 20 minutes pass throughout each play session. Even if the child’s playtime behavior is unusual, parents are first instructed to follow the child’s lead during the sessions. For instance, if a youngster keeps scratching the same area of the floor, the parent will do the same. The parent is able to “enter” the child’s reality through these actions.
In the phase that follows, parents use playtime to set obstacles for their children. The difficulties encourage the youngster to enter a “shared” reality with the parent. And the difficulties give the young person chances to develop crucial abilities in areas like:
The sessions are customized to the needs of the child. For instance, during the second stage of the play sessions, the parent must be extremely animated if the child has a tendency to underreact to touch and sound. The parent will need to be more calming if the youngster has a tendency to overreact to touch and sound.
The youngster will advance thanks to these encounters, and according to DIR therapists, they will also aid with sensory difficulties.
Speak with an experienced mental health practitioner if your child exhibits any signs of sensory processing disorder. It is simple to get in touch with the Dr.R.K.Suri, the best clinical psychologist in Dwarka, South-West Delhi, to allay your concerns and handle any uncomfortable event.
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